Vaccines are used as a method of controlling the spread of infectious disease within the high-risk environment of the animal shelter. The Ontario SPCA employs this CORE cat vaccine:
FVRCP – Herpesvirus-1 (Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis/FHV-1), Calicivirus (FCV), Panleukopenia (FPV)
A more detailed description of the core vaccine components are as follows:
Feline Herpes Virus and Feline Calicivirus cause diseases of the upper respiratory system of cats. Both of these viruses may cause chronic, recurring disease.
FELINE HERPESVIRUS-1 (FELINE VIRAL RHINOTRACHEITIS/FHV-1)
FHV-1 causes sneezing, runny eyes, and nasal discharge. It may also cause pneumonia and death in kittens.
FELINE CALICIVIRUS (FCV)
FCV causes ulcerations in the mouth and nose in addition to the signs noted above.
FELINE PANLEUKOPENIA (FPV)
Also known as feline distemper, FPV is caused by a virus that spreads easily and affects young kittens most severely, causing rapid deterioration and death.