The following transport guidelines are recommended for land transport:
Transport vehicles must be previously cleaned and disinfected in the same manner as a cage or kennel full cleaning protocol- See Vehicle Cleaning Protocol. This would include the following three steps:
- Removing all gross organic material
- Complete cleaning using a detergent solution.
- Thorough application of a disinfectant capable of killing unenveloped viruses (like Calicivirus, Feline Panleukopenia and Canine Parvovirus) and fungus (like Ringworm) such as Prevail for appropriate wet contact time. Allow to dry.
During this process, the staff would be wearing PPE that would include disposable gloves, disposable gown, impermeable shoe covers/Agri-boots.
Proper climate control must be maintained – the vehicle must be able to provide heat and or air conditioning to the animal housing areas, and there must be sufficient air ventilation. The climate conditions of the vehicle must be set to best accommodate the animals, and not set for the comfort of the driver.
Temperatures should not fall below 60°F (15°C) or above 85°F (29°C). The thermometer must be placed in an area where kennels are located and be easily visible.
Animals must be transported in separate enclosures (except in the case of litters) with solid, leak-proof bottoms and adequate bedding. Animals must be able to comfortably stand up, lie down and turn around. Enclosures must be sturdy and secure enough to manage the strength of the animal contained.
All enclosures must be fully covered with a sheet or light towel that allows for proper ventilation.
Ensure access to fresh water for every animal at breaks. This must occur at least every four hours.
At a minimum, stop every 4-6 hours in a safe area to perform a visual check and to clean transport kennels, feed and water the animals.
Young animals must be fed a small meal or snack every 4-6 hours.
Adult dogs must be walked or exercised on trips longer than eight hours. Juvenile dogs (pups) must be walked or exercised every four hours. Extra precautions must be taken to ensure the safe and effective restraint of the animals at all times. While out of the transport vehicle this would include (but not be limited to) double-leashing dogs or using both a collar and harness on the dog.
Maximum transport time to a kennel (intermediate or final destination shelter) should be no more than 12 hours.
All trips must be made with a minimum of two (2) drivers whenever possible and sufficient personnel to appropriately handle and care for all animals.
Driver and staff safety is of utmost concern. Drivers should travel with cell phones, maps, preferably GPS and emergency equipment.
The organizations should have an agreed upon contingency plan to address whether mechanical or other unexpected situations that may go awry during the transport.
There must be appropriate identification on each animal and its carrier during transport.
Wildlife and domestic species must not be transported in the same vehicle to avoid the transmission of diseases and parasites.